Health Impact Assessment in Land Use Development
An Effective Practice
Internationally, public health practitioners are implementing health impact assessment (HIA) as a way to account for the direct and indirect health impacts of public policy. Since 2003 the San Francisco Department of Public Health has been developing a practice of Health Impact Assessment in the context of land use development. The Department uses several complimentary tactics, including: 1) analysis of health impacts of development projects and land use plans; 2) integration of health impact analysis in environmental impact assessment; and 3) facilitation of community dialogue on the relationships among land use and public health.
Goal / Mission
The goal of this program is to ensure that city planning and policy making accounts for how land use development impacts community health resources.
Results / Accomplishments
The first assessments, conducted on residential development projects, illustrated that development could lead to adverse impacts on housing adequacy, community cohesion, residential segregation, public infrastructure, and air pollution. The assessments contributed to positive changes in the development proposals in terms of the number of below-market housing produced and displacement prevention. The assessments also led to changes in how residential displacement is evaluated in environmental impact reports required under the California Environmental Quality Act.
About this Promising Practice
- Primary Contact
- Rajiv Bhatia, Director
1390 Market St, Suite 210
San Francisco, CA 94102
Health / Environmental & Occupational Health
Economy / Housing Affordability & Supply
Environment / Built Environment
- San Francisco Department of Public Health
- National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
- Date of publication
- Date of implementation
- Geographic Type
- San Francisco, CA
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